AMEA ARXEOLOGİYA VƏ ETNOQRAFİYA İNSTİTUTU VƏ REGİONLARIN İNKİŞAFI İCTİMAİ BİRLİYİNİN BİRGƏ LAYİHƏSİ
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  2003
Video
  2008-2009
2006
2009
Medieval Town of Shamkir

Medieval writers refer to Shamkir as one of Azerbaijan’s prosperous, medium-sized towns. Analysis of written sources shows that Shamkir existed as a town during the Arab conquests. The town of Shamkir was an important handicraft and trade centre on the Great Silk Road in the second half of the 9th and start of the 10th centuries and flourished in the 10th-12th centuries. Shamkir’s development was interrupted by the Mongol invasions. The Mongols took the town in 1235, despite meeting determined resistance, and slaughtered much of the population. The town went into decline after this and was unable to recover.
The medieval town of Shamkir is on the left bank of the Shamkir River, north of the village of Mukhtariyya in Shamkir District. The description of the town shows that it was a typical medieval town on the plain. The town’s topographic map compiled in 2007 allows us to determine approximately the town’s rectangular layout.
Although study of the medieval town of Shamkir began in the first quarter of the 19th century, major archaeological excavations did not take place until the early 21st century, the research history shows.
Archaeological excavations in six sectors were carried out in 2006-2009:

Excavation I

Excavation II

Excavation III

Excavation IV

Excavation V

Excavation VI

Excavation VII

Excavation VIII

 

Architecture and construction in the medieval town of Shamkir were well developed. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the remains of many buildings, including fortifications, houses and utilities to improve the town amenities.
A variety of finds have been made during the excavations:

Tools

Weapons

Iron artefacts

Metal products

Ceramics

Glass artefacts

Bone and stone artefacts

Jewellery

Coins

The expedition team that carried out the archaeological excavations in the town of Shamkir in 2006-2009.