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THE RESULTS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDIES OF SHAMKIR IN 2015 Tarix: 20-6-2016    

In 2015, archaeological studies have been conducted mainly in Naringala, IV and IX excavation sites.
As a continuation of research works of 2014 year, the remains of north wall of citadel, basement of the building and subsoil building in front of stairs has been focus of attention of the study... 

In 2015, archaeological studies have been conducted mainly in Naringala, IV and IX excavation sites.
As a continuation of research works of 2014 year, the remains of north wall of citadel, basement of the building and subsoil building in front of stairs has been focus of attention of the study. The results of research in the northern wall of citadel were interesting and the dark aspects were clarified. It has been determined that the space between two towers of the northern wall of citadel appeared after collapsing and destruction of wall during Mongolian invasion. On the remains of wall built in mixed masonry style, typical for Arran architectural school, after repair and restoration work mud-brick masonry was not equally survived. On the remains of mud-brick masonry, concrete-shaped wall, which is widening -1- 1.1 meters, affirms the repair and reconstruction works by Russian militaries in the northern wall of citadel.

 

 

The basement cellar of the building was fully cleaned and studied. In the center of the rectangle shaped basement with 9.6 meters length and 6.5 meters width, paved with river stones and plastered inside, there are the remains of column and holes to the passage of ground-floor. The floor was neatly paved with a large and medium-sized flat river stones. The basement has 1.9-2 meters height. Finding handcuffs give us clue to determine the setting of the basement. So it was used as a dungeon in XII century.

 

 

To the south of the basement, in the 6M-7M and 6N-7N squares, the remains of building of household sector which belongs to XII century were found and studied. Ovens and hearths were found and cleaned here.
Excavations in front of the stairsin IV excavation sitebelonging XII-XIII centuries attract attention as well. A small semi-circular arch-shaped stone building has been studied here. In front of stairs the width is 3.3 m and the length is 3 m, it has a 3 m height from the last step of stairs. The current height comprises 3.25 m.
In 2015, archaeological excavations have been carried out in the south-east sector of the Citadel, in new IX excavation site with 40 m length, 30-32 m width. The remains of building belonging to XVIII-XIX centuries found in the top layer have been studied. The thickness of this layer mainly varies 80-120 cm in some places even reaches 1.5 meters. The remains of some buildings discovered in top layer were used by Russian militaries. Rectangular-shaped remains built of baked-brick and river stone have been studied fully. The foundation of building was very solid. Beneath the oval-shaped buildings belonging to XIX century, single layer remains of temporary constructions built of river stone and baked brick fragments apparently used by nomadic elattribes in the eighteenth century have been discovered and studied.
The study of the medieval layer of the IX excavation site has become more important in the reporting year. The floor discovered in 35 m length and 23 m width of complex belonging to XI-XII centuries and located in the north-western sector covers a large area. Its west and north-west part has been out of the excavation site. At present, the adjusted balance of the base is 15 meterslength, and 5.8 meters width. 46x46x6-7 cm, 45x45x6-7 cm sized baked bricks were used on the floor. However, in repairs areas 24x24x5,5 cm, 23x23x5,5 cm sized baked bricks were mainly used. West and North walls of the remains of building that built of baked bricks in lime mortar, discovered in the east from the floor have been relatively good preserved. The eastern wall of the building, perhaps once joint the eastern wall of the citadel. The walls of the rooms located south of the described rooms were badly damaged. On the base of the foundation and remains of wall it has been determined that they were mainly square and rectangular shaped. The floors of all the rooms were paved with baked brick or a local white stone slabs.

 

 

On the south-western sector of IX excavation site, in the area close to southern wall trough and side-walk shaped remains built of baked bricks and large pitchers combined complex were revealed. At the same time, eight trough-sized building, nine large pitchers buried on the ground discovered in the complex. Only two of trough-sized buildings preserved well. In the south of excavation site as well as the southern part of citadel are being cleaned inside.
As a result of archaeological excavations carried out in 2015,686 findings have been registered and added to the inventory book. It should be noted that among the interesting findings such as mill stone, metal container with filter, metal axe, bronze lion figure, glazed earthenware jug, polychrome pottery made by the same master, glazed pottery sample with a stamp, “minai” style faience samples, glazed decoration brick, glazed tile with tissue decoration and chess-man made of bone (?) attract attention.