Julu – August 2013

The expedition continued the researches in the 4th site of the Shamkir town. This site was extended for 4 metres more. In the new squares of the site the 19th century upper cultural layer is 40-60cm thick. In the squares 16K and 16J the layer is 1m thick.

In the square 16K 20cm deep from the ground surface there were found the fired brick construction remains. To the East from that construction there was discovered a soft ground with rotten remains, where an entire narrow-necked jug, a kyup, a metal button with number 32, and a Russian coin were found.

In the southern side of that layer there were discovered the remains of the wooden poles, dug in the medieval mud-brick wall. The poles diameter is 18cm, while the distance between them is 70cm.

The remains of the 19th century wooden poles were also found in the squares 10J and 11J. There was found an eight-pointed fired brick fireplace in the square 12J. It is situated in the western wall of the medieval monumental building. The remains of the 19th century sewerage system were found and two ceramic pipes were cleared up in the square 13J. There was dug up an oval hole in the mud-brick setting of the western wall of the medieval monumental building in 14J. It is 1.15-1.125m in diametre and 1.1m deep.
The medieval layer studies gave valuable facts about the town architecture. The studies of the monumental building western wall were continued. The remains of the north-western tower of that building were found and started to be studied. The studies of the partition wall of the monumental building yard were continued. It was determined that column 7 was attached to that wall. This 18.9m long wall was finished with an arc hole. The hole is 3.53m wide. The studies of room N7 of the monumental building, which had a rectangular shape with sizes 5.85x4.22m, are continued. The doorway of that room is situated in the eastern part of the northern wall. The curvature of the room walls allows assuming that the ceilings were vaulted.
To the West from the western wall of the monumental building in the squares 12Q and 12K there were found the remains of tandirkhana, which consisted of five tandirs. One of them is small, while the others are large for baking bread. Another tandirkhana was discovered in the squares 10J and 11J, where the remains of six tandirs for baking bread were found.
The remains of a staircase, constructed by the fired bricks in lime solution, are of great interest. It is 3m wide. These remains are found 3.26m deep from the ground surface. It was covered by the 1.5m debris, full of fragments, pieces of fired bricks, fragments of the glazed tiles and streaks of lime solution. 4.1m deep from the ground surface between the staircase and the western wall of the monumental building there were discovered the remains of a potter horn for unglazed ceramic making.

The findings represent glazed and unglazed ceramic vessels, construction ceramics, iron things for everyday life, various stone and bone manufacture, glass vessel patterns, decorations and coins.

The conservation operations were carried out in the citadel southern walls.